Care of the Child

Care of the Child

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Care of the Child

Part 1

            Poor nutrition in the developing tissues in infants, toddlers, and school age children has negative consequences. In the development of adipose tissue, the storage in relation to metabolism is directly affected in terms of the insulin sensitivity, energy formation, and lipids metabolism. Coulston, Rock, and Monsten (2013) state that the tissues involved in the process become deficient to important nutrient and required catalysts for growth and development of the infants and toddlers. For example, the nervous growth tissues become weak and generally lack the sharp tissue mass for enabled sensitivity towards reaction to stimuli and different physiological carried out functions. The differentiation of various tissues into formation of muscles and important bone structures are curtailed due top plasticity. Proliferation, apoptosis, and differential feedback of the body’s responses are minimized compared to properly fed and metabolized individuals of similar age category (Maulik, 2011). The endocrinal and nutritional values of tissues in the body are severely affected.

            The requirements of three basic nutrients in the body are affected by poor nutrition in the developing tissues in infants, toddlers, and school age children. Various deficiencies are established in metabolic regulations, tissue development and subsequent growth and development of the young bodies as opposed to adults. Morley and Watkins (2008) note that the cranial and mental tissue enablements are deprived of important nutrients causing impairment. The resultant feature of such deficiency especially in infants is the level of lowered intelligence quotients. The most visible effects that are also sever include physical stunted growth due to poor nutrition and non-elevated levels of tissue formation in the bodies, while disabling cretinism and dwarfism are experienced. Various thyroid glands are hyper-extended to swellings, especially mild ones in the infants and to a lesser extent the school age category. In addition, neural tube defects can be experienced at the similar stage of growth and development.          

Part 2

            From the development of infants, toddlers, and school age children under the effects of poor nutrition, several implications are realized trough physical, cognitive, mental, and emotional progression. In the infant stage, the birth is affected by underweight circumstances as the development of vital organs, tissues and muscled is reduced. Subsequent stunted height is also witnessed in toddlers and predisposition to chronic diseases that are related to nutrition like obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes (Watkins, Walker, and Duggan, 2008). Young children are then affected by under developed immunity especially to common infections when growing up, which can be avoided at the formative stages. Lower nutrients for needs on weights are usually at smaller levels as compared to the properly fed individuals. Effects from infections like anemic and micronutrients lacks in the body are common while the rate of physical activity is diminished in a continuous state.

            In the adulthood stage of growth and development, the resultant effects of poor nutrition habits from infancy and toddler levels are usually illnesses. Te common chronic diseases experienced include obesity, diabetes and generated deficiencies according to gender. In women, the ability to be affected by anemia is severe as it affects the processes of menstruation and iron needs. The risk of morbidity as well as death is higher in adulthood after the subsequent dietary regimes and nutritive uptakes (Smart, 2007). Poor appetites are common despite the stage of livelihood, los of strengthened bones, tissues, and muscles. Mental development is also affected in any of the developmental stage. Experienced low self-esteem, limited ability as compared to the healthy and properly fed individuals, underweight, and dwarfism are also common.

References

Coulston, A. M., Rock, C., & Monsen, E. R. (2013). Nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease. San Diego, Calif: Academic Press.

Maulik, N. (2011). Nutrition, epigenetic mechanisms, and human disease. Beaton, NJ: CRC Press.

Morley, R & Lucas, A (2008). Nutrition and Cognitive Development. NCBI Journal, 3(2),  11-24.

Smart, J. L. (2007). Malnutrition, Learning, Behavior, and growth Development. Dietics, Nutrition and Development Journal, 52 (2), 188-196.

Watkins, J. B., Walker, W. A., Duggan, C. (2008). Nutrition in Pediatrics. Peoples Medical Publishing House.

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