Parliamentarianism vs. Presidentialism

Parliamentarianism vs. Presidentialism


Parliamentarianism vs. Presidentialism

Both the parliamentary and presidential systems of governance have a major impact on the political arena and other related facets in the nationalized structure. However, an evaluation of the governing principles and supremacy of these administrative structures indicates the superiority of parliamentarianism over presidentialism (Brown, 2000). To begin with, the parliamentary system comprises of stringent policies that allow the legislators to disregard the government through the approval of a motion and subsequent vote rendering their lack of confidence in the administration. In such cases, a new government takes office through democratic elections or a selection process whose proceedings concur with the laws endorsed by the legislature.

These influential coalitions in decision-making processes are rare in the presidential system of governance. This is because of the conflicting powers between parliament and the office of the president (Brown, 2000). In some occasions, the rules enacted by the legislative arm of the centralized government do not obtain the required approval from the president due to the differing interests of the two parties. This makes it difficult to implement the impeachment policy effectively under presidentialism.

In addition, the parliamentary system promotes the institutionalization of political aspects. This is through the facilitation of conventional politics and policy-making processes. All relevant stakeholders are part of this processes incorporated in parliamentarianism. This fosters beneficial negotiations with the main aim of enhancing the existing government. In contrast, the presidential system promotes personalized and decentralized politics with presidents and other bureaucrats enjoying independence from such institutions (Brown, 2000). This sense of autonomy often results in political disagreements that weaken the administrative structure of a country. Based on this argument, the parliamentary system of governance is superior to the presidential structure.


Brown, B. E. (2000). Comparative politics: Notes and readings. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt College Publishers.

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