Renaissance means revival or restoration or rebirth .The Italian Renaissance was a humanistic revival, of art, literature, architecture and learning that started in the late Middle Ages 1330-1550.This marked the transition from, medieval to modern times. Renaissance began in the city states of Italy. The most powerful city-states were The Papal State, Venice, Florence and Milan. The Italian renaissance was because of the birth of humanism philosophy. Humanism is all about the philosophy of renaissance, knowing the potential of individuals and their achievements. In humanism, human beings capable of doing good and being truthful.
The Italian Renaissance period helped in furthering of literature, poetry and arts. During this period the writers, poets, sculptors, painters and thinkers adopted “Humanism”. These early humanists studied the ancient Greeks and Romans for inspiration and ideology. They also used the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church for extracting ideas. One of the most famous humanists was Dante Alighieri commonly known as the poet. He wrote The Divine Comedy, he used the Tuscan vernacular for his writings, which was a departure from the medieval scholastic practices of the day. Dante’s’ establishment led to the flowering of humanism and renaissance.